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The first intensive exploration of the unrecognized psychological and social aspects of this increasingly controversial American cultural practice. Endorsed by dozens of professionals in psychology, psychiatry, child development, pediatrics, obstetrics, childbirth education, sociology and anthropology.

What You Can Do

Consultation and Counseling

For circumcised men and expectant parents

Educate Yourself

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Help protect the next generation

Tell a Friend About Us

And those who may have future children

Talk About Circumcision

Our tips can turn discomfort into power

"What's done to children, they will do to society."

Karl Menninger, psychiatrist

"Parents do not know what they are choosing, and physicians do not feel what they are doing."

Ronald Goldman, Ph.D., author

"In response to circumcision, the baby cries a helpless, panicky, breathless, high-pitched cry!...[or] lapses into a semi-coma. Both of these states...are abnormal states in the newborn."

Justin Call, M.D., pediatrician

"Doctors who circumcise are the most resistant to change. They will not admit that they made a critical mistake by amputating an important part of the penis."

Paul Fleiss, M.D., pediatrician

"In this case, the old dictum 'If it ain't broke, don't fix it' seems to make good sense."

Eugene Robin, M.D., professor

"A whole life can be shaped by an old trauma, remembered or not."

Lenore Terr, M.D., child psychiatrist

"If we are to have real peace, we must begin with the children."

Mahatma Gandhi

"We are interconnected. When a baby boy's sexuality is not safe, no one's sexuality is safe."

Ronald Goldman, Ph.D., author

Circumcision Information Summary

Please read these facts before making a circumcision decision.

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  1. Pain: According to a comprehensive study, newborn responses to pain are "similar to but greater than those observed in adult subjects." Circumcision is extremely painful and traumatic. Some infants do not cry because they go into traumatic shock from the overwhelming pain of the surgery. No experimental anesthetic has been found to be safe and effective in preventing circumcision pain in infants. (See Infant Responses to Circumcision.)
  2. Risks: There are over 20 different potential complications, including heavy bleeding, infection, surgical injury, and in rare cases, death. The rate of complications occurring in the hospital and during the first year has been documented as high as 38%.
  3. Foreskin function and size: The foreskin protects the head of the penis, enhances sexual pleasure, and facilitates intercourse. The foreskin on the average adult male is about 12 of highly erogenous tissue. (See Functions of the Foreskin.) Circumcision advocates who are doctors have admitted they do not know the functions of the foreskin.
  4. Medical organization policies: No national medical organization in the world recommends routine circumcision of male infants. (See Circumcision Policies in English-Speaking Countries.)
  5. Sexual effects: Circumcision is associated with erectile dysfunction in the medical literature. A preliminary study found that circumcised men were 4.5 times more likely to use an erectile dysfunction drug.
  6. Behavioral response: Various studies have found that short-term effects of circumcision include changed sleep patterns, activity level, and mother-infant interaction, more irritability, and disruptions in feeding and infant-mother bonding. Changes in pain response have been demonstrated at six months of age, a sign of post-traumatic stress disorder. (See Infant Responses to Circumcision.)
  7. Matching friends: There is no documented emotional harm connected with having a natural penis. To the contrary, there are growing reports from men who have disliked being circumcised since they were boys, even though they were in the majority. (See Circumcision to Look Like Others.)
  8. Worldwide prevalence: Circumcision is nearly universal among Muslims who do it for cultural or religious reasons. Aside from Muslims, Jews, and Americans only about 5% of the world's males are circumcised. 
  9. Cleanliness: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has said that "there is little evidence to affirm the association between circumcision status and optimal penile hygiene." "The uncircumcised penis is easy to keep clean. . . . Caring for your son's uncircumcised penis requires no special action. . . . Foreskin retraction should never be forced."
  10. Sexually transmitted diseases: According to the AAP, "Evidence regarding the relationship of circumcision to sexually transmitted diseases in general is complex and conflicting. . . . Behavioral factors appear to be far more important risk factors." (See Explaining Claims of Medical Benefits.)
  11. Adult circumcision: The medical need for circumcision in adults is as low as 6 in 100,000. Adults, unlike infants, receive effective anesthetics. (See Men Circumcised as Adults.)
  12. Debate avoided: Circumcision advocates fear debate with critics, suggesting that they know they would lose. See Circumcision Advocates Fear Debate with Critics.)
  13. Jewish circumcision: A growing number of American Jews are not circumcising their sons. Circumcision among Jews in Europe, South America, and Israel also is not universal. (See Jewish Circumcision Resource Center)
  14. American origin: Routine infant circumcision started in the U.S. in the 1870s when it was promoted as a preventive cure for masturbation. (See Historical Medical Claims About Circumcision.)
  15. Male attitude: Male satisfaction with circumcision depends on lack of knowledge about circumcision. The more men know, the more likely they are to be dissatisfied. They wish they had a choice. (See Why Most Circumcised Men Seem Satisfied, Psychological Impact of Circumcision on Men, and Discovering Circumcision Feelings.)
  16. Professional Protest: Some aware doctors and nurses refuse to perform or assist with circumcisions because of ethical considerations. (See Circumcision, Ethics, and Medicine.)


References are available upon request.


For more information see Circumcision Positions of Advocates and Critics.

What Some Noted Physicians Say About Circumcision

"My own preference, if I had the good fortune to have another son, would be to leave his little penis alone."

—Benjamin Spock, M.D.,
renowned pediatrican

". . . there are now serious concerns this routine procedure may actually deprive adult men of a vital part of their sexual sensitivity."

—Dean Edell, M.D.,
National Radio Host

"My feeling is that it is a traumatic experience and I am opposed to traumatizing the baby. I'm also opposed to inflicting an operation on an individual without his permission."

—Howard Marchbanks, M.D.,
Family Practitioner

"The risks of newborn circumcision are an underreported and ignored factor in this argument. Most often a poor surgical result is not recognized until years after the event."

—James Snyder, M.D., urologist
past president of the Virginia Urologic Society